Song Formats - Song Structure Examples for Rap, Pop, Rock, R&B and more.

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Artist
The Chainsmokers & Halsey
Music Genre
Pop (Future bass)
Song Length
4:21
YouTube Video
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Song Emotion
Love/Regret
Time Signature
4/4 (common)

The song is written in the key of Ab major with a common time tempo of 95 beats per minute and a chord progression of Db(9)–Eb6–Fm7–Eb. The vocals span from Eb3 to Bb5.
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'Closer' Song Structure:

Song Format - Bars/Measures (Position)
  • Intro - 4 (0:00)
  • Verse - 16 (0:10)
  • Chorus - 8 (0:51)
  • Break/Refrain - 4 (1:11)
  • Break/Refrain - 4 (1:21)
  • Verse - 16 (1:31)
  • Chorus - 8 (2:12)
  • Break/Refrain - 4 (2:32)
  • Break/Refrain - 4 (2:42)
  • Chorus - 8 (2:52)
  • Bridge/Refrain - 8 (3:12)
  • Break/Refrain - 4 (3:32)
  • Break/Refrain - 4 (3:42)
  • Outro - 4 (3:53)
  • [Video_Ending] - 7 (4:03)

Artist
Mary J Blige
Music Genre
R&B/Hip Hop (Soul)
Song Length
4:07
YouTube Video
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Song Emotion
Love/Pain
Time Signature
4/4 (common)

An R&B and hip hop soul song written in the key of D minor with a tempo of 73 beats per minute. The song follows a chord progression of Dm – Bbmaj7 – C – Dm – Gm7 – C – A7, and Blige's vocals span from F3 to D5
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'Be Without You' Song Structure:

Song Format - Bars/Measures (Position)
  • Intro - 10 (0:00)
  • Verse - 8 (0:33)
  • Chorus - 8 (0:59)
  • Verse - 8 (1:26)
  • Chorus - 8 (1:52)
  • Bridge - 12 (2:18)
  • Chorus - 8 (2:57)
  • Outro - 14 (3:23)

Artist
Biggie Smalls The Notorious BIG
Music Genre
Rap/Hip Hop
Song Length
4:10
YouTube Video
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Song Emotion
Happiness/Confidence
Time Signature
4/4 (common)

The song is a rags-to-riches chronicle detailing his childhood years in poverty, his initial dreams of becoming a rapper and his early musical influences, his time dealing drugs and being involved in crime, and his eventual success in the music business and current lavish lifestyle.
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'Juicy' Song Structure:

Song Format - Bars/Measures (Position)
  • Intro - 8 (0:00)
  • Verse - 18 (0:20)
  • Break/Refrain1 - 2 (1:05)
  • Refrain2 - 8 (1:10)
  • Verse - 18 (1:29)
  • Break/Refrain1 -2(2:14)
  • Refrain2 - 8 (2:19)
  • Verse - 18 (2:38)
  • Refrain1 - 2 (3:23)
  • Refrain2 - 8 (3:28)
  • Outro - 8 (3:48)

Artist
David Bowie & Queen
Music Genre
Rock
Song Length
4:13
YouTube Video
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Song Emotion
Love
Time Signature
4/4 (common)

The final version, which became Under Pressure, evolved from a jam session that Bowie had with the band at Queen's studio in Montreux, Switzerland.
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'Under Pressure' Song Structure:

Song Format - Bars/Measures (Position)
  • Intro - 14 (0:06)
  • Verse - 8 (0:35)
  • Break - 4 (0:52)
  • Chorus - 8 (1:01)
  • Break - 4 (1:18)
  • Verse - 4 (1:27)
  • Break - 4 (1:35)
  • Refrain - 4 (1:43)
  • Chorus - 8 (1:52)
  • Verse - 7 (2:09)
  • Break - 9 (2:24)
  • Verse - 8 (2:43)
  • Verse - 18 (2:59)
  • Outro - 14 (3:38)
  • [Video_Ending] - 2 (4:07)

Artist
Taylor Swift
Music Genre
Country (Bluegrass)
Song Length
4:03
YouTube Video
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Song Emotion
Motivation
Time Signature
4/4 (common)

The song is written in the key of E major, and Swift's vocals span an octave and a perfect 4th, from G sharp 3 to C sharp 5
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'Mean' Song Structure:

Song Format - Bars/Measures (Position)
  • Verse - 11 (0:04)
  • Refrain - 1 (0:36)
  • Chorus - 8 (0:39)
  • Break - 2 (1:02)
  • Verse - 12 (1:08)
  • Refrain - 1 (1:43)
  • Chorus - 8 (1:46)
  • Break - 4 (2:10)
  • Bridge - 16 (2:21)
  • Chorus - 8 (3:07)
  • Chorus - 9 (3:30)
  • [Video_Ending] - 2 (3:56)

Artist
Kendrick Lamar
Music Genre
Hip Hop
Song Length
3:03
YouTube Video
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Song Emotion
Confidence
Time Signature
4/4 (common)

Trap-Style beat with Piano baseline
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'HUMBLE' Song Structure:

Song Format - Bars/Measures (Position)
  • Intro - 2 (0:07)
  • Verse - 16 (0:14)
  • Refrain - 8 (1:05)
  • Verse - 16 (1:31)
  • Refrain - 8 (2:22)
  • Outro - 4 (2:48)

Artist
DJ Khaled
Music Genre
Hip Hop
Song Length
5:21
YouTube Video
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Song Emotion
Confidence
Time Signature
4/4 (common)

Song in the key of G Major. Voice, range: D4-B5
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'Im The One' Song Structure:

Song Format - Bars/Measures (Position)
  • Intro - 4 (0:29)
  • Refrain1 - 8 (0:41)
  • Refrain2 - 4 (1:05)
  • Verse - 12 (1:16)
  • Refrain1 - 8 (1:52)
  • Refrain2 - 4 (2:16)
  • Verse - 12 (2:28)
  • Refrain1 - 8 (3:03)
  • Refrain2 - 4 (3:27)
  • Verse - 12 (3:39)
  • Refrain1 - 8 (4:14)
  • Refrain2 - 4 (4:38)
  • Outro/Refrain3 - 8 (4:50)

Artist
Bruno Mars
Music Genre
R&B (Soul)
Song Length
3:30
YouTube Video
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Song Emotion
Lust / Confidence
Time Signature
4/4 (common)

Composed in the key of Db major. The song moves at a tempo of 67 beats per minute in time, while Mars' vocals span from Ab4 to Db6.
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'Thats What I Like' Song Structure:

Song Format - Bars/Measures (Position)
  • Intro - 1 (0:05)
  • Verse - 8 (0:09)
  • Refrain - 4 (0:37)
  • Chorus - 8 (0:52)
  • Verse - 8 (1:20)
  • Refrain - 4 (1:49)
  • Chorus - 8 (2:03)
  • Bridge - 8 (2:32)
  • Chorus - 8 (3:00)

Artist
Ed Sheeran
Music Genre
Pop / Dancehall / House
Song Length
3:55
YouTube Video
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Song Emotion
Love / Attraction
Time Signature
4/4 (common)

In the song, Sheeran sings over a marimba-fueled percussive sway about a budding romance. "The club isn't the best place to find a lover, so the bar is where I go/ Me and my friends at the table doing shots drinking fast and then we talk slow," he sings.
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'Shape Of You' Song Structure:

Song Format - Bars/Measures (Position)
  • Intro - 4 (0:00)
  • Verse - 8 (0:10)
  • Refrain1 - 4 (0:30)
  • Refrain1 - 4 (0:40)
  • Chorus - 8 (0:50)
  • Refrain2 - 8 (1:10)
  • Verse - 8 (1:30)
  • Refrain1 - 4 (1:50)
  • Refrain1 - 4 (2:00)
  • Chorus - 8 (2:10)
  • Refrain2 - 8 (2:30)
  • Break - 8 (2:50)
  • Chorus - 8 (3:10)
  • Break - 9 (3:30)

Artist
The Chainsmokers & Coldplay
Music Genre
Pop (Electro)
Song Length
4:07
YouTube Video
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Song Emotion
Love / Insecurity
Time Signature
4/4 (common)

The electropop song is written in the key of B minor.
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'Something Just Like This' Song Structure:

Song Format - Bars/Measures (Position)
  • Intro - 4 (0:00)
  • Verse - 8 (0:09)
  • Refrain - 8 (0:28)
  • Chorus - 4 (0:47)
  • Chorus - 4 (0:56)
  • Chorus - 4 (1:05)
  • Chorus - 4 (1:15)
  • Verse - 8 (1:24)
  • Refrain - 8 (1:43)
  • Chorus - 4 (2:01)
  • Chorus - 4 (2:10)
  • Bridge - 8 (2:20)
  • Refrain - 8 (2:38)
  • Break - 9 (2:57)
  • Chorus - 8 (3:16)
  • Chorus - 8 (3:34)
  • Outro - 5 (3:53)

Artist
Red Hot Chili Peppers
Music Genre
Rock (funk)
Song Length
5:02
YouTube Video
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Song Emotion
Acceptance
Time Signature
4/4 (common)

The song is written in the key of C Minor in common time with a tempo of 92 beats per minute. The vocals in the song span from F4 to F5.
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'Dark Necessities' Song Structure:

Song Format - Bars/Measures (Position)
  • Intro - 16 (0:00)
  • Break - 4 (0:42)
  • Verse - 16 (0:52)
  • Chorus - 8 (1:34)
  • Break - 4 (1:55)
  • Verse - 8 (2:05)
  • Chorus - 8 (2:26)
  • Break - 4 (2:47)
  • Bridge - 8 (2:57)
  • Break - 1 (3:18)
  • Verse - 8 (3:21)
  • Chorus - 8 (3:41)
  • Break/Solo - 16 (4:02)
  • Outro - 6 (4:44)

Artist
Keith Urban
Music Genre
Country (pop)
Song Length
3:52
YouTube Video
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Song Emotion
Amusement (Apathy)
Time Signature
4/4 (common)

"I worked with a lot of new people on Ripcord, and Greg (Wells) was one I'd wanted to work with for a long time. He'd been writing a lot with J (James) and so the three of us spent a couple days at Greg's studio to jam and see if we clicked. Greg had this cool chord progression and I grabbed my guitar and started singing a melody...J suggested the t
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'Wasted Time (KUrban)' Song Structure:

Song Format - Bars/Measures (Position)
  • Intro - 4 (0:00)
  • Verse - 8 (0:10)
  • Refrain1 - 8 (0:29)
  • Chorus - 8 (0:48)
  • Refrain2 - 4 (1:07)
  • Verse - 8 (1:17)
  • Refrain1 - 8 (1:36)
  • Chorus - 8 (1:55)
  • Refrain2 - 8 (2:15)
  • Break - 4 (2:34)
  • Verse - 4 (2:43)
  • Chorus - 8 (2:53)
  • Refrain2 - 8 (3:12)
  • Outro/Refrain2 - 8 (3:31)

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